Hello patriarchy! Part-time, no professional transfer or professional development… After a child is born, inequalities in the world of work between women and men increase, according to a new INSEE report.
Paternity leave was created 20 years ago, and its duration doubled on July 1, 2021, from 14 to 28 days. Target? Sharing the mental burden and improving gender equality. But there is a long way to go…
After the baby is born, many parents have to make some adjustments in their career. Unsurprisingly, these adaptations are strongly differentiated between the sexes. Who is more toast? Moms go! Anyway, this is illustrated by a new INSEE study published on June 30, 2022.
INSEE notes the logic of parental performance that never seems to be running out… Once they become a mother, women reduce their hours, change jobs and report not having enough time to do their professional tasks properly. On the contrary, after childbirth, parents work more, later and even on Sundays. Once again, gender discrimination is on time: pay inequality It is getting stronger, and the career development of women is still difficult.
51% of part-time workers are women
According to the study, in France, Women hold 88% of part-time jobs. Of these, 51% chose this operation to care for their children, compared to 14% of men. It’s a fact: After giving birth, whether it’s a firstborn or not, women resort to part-time work more often than men. Thus, postpartum labor time adjustments are primarily made by the mother.
These changes have a real impact on women’s wages: After childbirth, it decreases by an average of 200 euros, while for fathers it does not differ at all. Please note that this is clearly explained by reduced working time and not an hourly wage. But in the long run, the income gaps with men are enormous. Then I talked about many studies in economics Maternity Punishment.
And this continues on the topic of professional development: intra-couple judging takes place in favor of fathers who continue to rise, often to the detriment of the woman. After giving birth, most mothers work more remotely, and their chances of promotion within the company diminish. Moreover, They lose the ability to move professionally, which has lasting effects on their career, Because these changes are often associated with higher wages and better working conditions.
For parents: overtime and stress at work
While after childbirth, Women say they don’t have enough time to do their job properly, while men increase their working hours. For example, within a couple, with equivalent properties, Fathers work 1.3 hours of overtime on average compared to the mother.
Also, before the baby arrives, Working on Sundays or intermittent hours is more common for women than for men. But all this reverses after giving birth. Of course, these decisions can result from economic arbitration within the spouses. First.
finally, According to INSEE, it will also be a matter ‘stress at work’. It is measured on the Karasek synthetic index and is defined as ‘A big demand for myself’ that the employee must face “while taking advantage of a low-resolution display range”. before they became parents, 32% of women say they are in a situation ‘stress at work’ versus 28% of men. After giving birth, this number does not differ significantly between women, but It averaged four points among men.
3 out of 10 fathers do not take paternity leave
However, there is one point that men and women agree on: If, on the day of the survey, 56% of women and 66% of men prenatal guarantee, “ Wake up feeling refreshed and rested”And the Everyone is disappointed after the birth of a child: positive responses for both sexes decrease by 5.5 points.
However, the majority of women say that they do not regret this choice, and emphasize “To have a daily life full of interesting things” Since they are mothers, this is not the case for fathers.
However, this INSEE study highlights once again our patriarchal system and persistent, quasi-institutional inequality in the world of work. In 2022, women are still living with the mental burden of the house and men fear that their careers will suffer from paternity leave.
Moreover, according to data from Céreq Employment Training Research published this year, 3 out of 10 fathers do not take paternity leave. The term of the latter is also three times shorter among fathers of less than one year of age than among those in office for two years or more. However, the situation is worse in the women’s camp, and they often fall victim to occupational discrimination when they are of childbearing age. As Michelle Obama says:
“Every mother works hard. And all women deserve respect.”
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Featured image: © Ketut Subiyanto