Suzanne Valadon, the famous painter from Besin-sur-Gartembe, is part of the “Pioneers” exhibition at the Musée du Luxembourg in Paris. She is one of the female artists of the 1920s, and was in the spotlight until July 10.
“Pioneers‘, at the Musée du Luxembourg in Paris, brings together the works of many French and international women artists of the 1920s, including Suzanne Valadon Haute-Viennese.
It was she who inspired the setting up of this exhibition, Suzanne Valadon, or rather her painting dating back to 1923, The blue room. Seeing it hanging in the Center Pompidou in the 2009 exhibition, Camille Moreno and Lucia Pisatani, curators of the exhibition Pioneers, seized by the work of this self-drawn woman and presents for the first time, Venus, dressed, in pajamas, cigarette in hand, her hair boyishly cut. A change from the traditions of the time when men often painted women and when they did, their thoughts were bare.
Historians tell themselves that a retrospective should be devoted to these women artists of the 1920s. The project was born and it took three years to find these women who exhibited in those years, to collect their works, and sometimes to capture them privately. collectors;
In the 1920s, women were emancipated. The First World War gave them a certain confidence,” They realized that they could do very well, make money, start a show, and Paris gave them the freedom to do so.” Lucia Pisatani, curator, explains. She continues: “TheThe blonde was tolerated in the capital, which is also the reason why women came to Paris, where there were clubs open for husbands, and Natalie Barney invited many artists every Thursday and gay couples to her salons. ”
But this liberalization in morals was short-lived and ended with the economic crisis of 1929 and the rise of totalitarianism. The 1930s were a very difficult decade for women in Germany, Italy and France as well, with a very conservative politics.
That voice they managed to get in their twenties, they just couldn’t keep. Lucia says women won’t get the right to vote until 44.
According to curators Lucia Pisatani and Camille Moreno PioneersWomen have forgotten the history of art written by men. “for youIn large part of these artists, we did not have a biography or a catalog” They say, which may explain the lack of retrospectives in their work.
The idea of this exhibition is to highlight the art of women of the Roaring Twenties, reveal their stories, and highlight their essential role in the development of the great artistic movements of modernity. “We wanted to show some artists who do not yet have a place in French museums. It is, in a way, rewriting the history of art in an equal way.” Lucia describes.
then Pioneers It strives to present artists from Europe but also from abroad. It highlights the many artists from Eastern Europe, China and Brazil who came to Paris. During this period, women touched different arts, easily moving from one discipline to another, which explains why the exhibition combines paintings, sculptures, costumes, decorations, photographs, masks, dolls …
Like Tamara de Lempicka, Sonia Delaunay, Tarsila do Amaral or even Chana Orloff, born at the end of the nineteenth century or at the beginning of the twentieth century, women finally entered the great art schools that had hitherto been reserved for men. Susan Valadon is one of those pioneers.
why ? Because it changes the way women are represented. at his table “Woman in White Socks” Dated 1924, Lucia Pisatani explains: “We see this woman getting dressed to go out, there is a bouquet of flowers behind the chair, don’t put it in a vase as if this bouquet was not important to her. Rest periods are different from regular rest periods. You sit in a chair and do not look directly at the viewer.”. It’s the same device in his famous 1923 sketch,”The Blue Room. Highlights A woman, with short hair, poorly makeup, cigarette in hand in pajamas, lounging on her sofa without looking at the viewer. At his feet there is no bouquet of flowers but books.
Far from the Odalisques of Matisse or Manet which show women in perfect forms, and looks on the spectator, “Susan Valadon represents a new woman in a domestic context“.
A third painting of the painter is on display at the Luxembourg Museum. that it “black venusProduced in 1919. Lucia explains that by choosing the black flower this time, this work shows how much Susan Valadon cares about other cultures, other countries, far from the clichés of the colonial outlook we find among male artists. It is also the moment when she begins to travel, such as Milla Mutter and Anna Kanko and Lucy Couturier.
This very beautiful exhibition will be discovered for another two weeks at the Musée du Luxembourg, in Paris, until July 10, 2022.