Hair: what is alopecia?

The hair loss this term refers to can be more or less significant. How do you take care of him?

L ‘Alopecia areata It is the term related to hair loss, whether it is moderate or severe, temporary or permanent. It is estimated that more than 100 hairs lost is not normal.

If the first inconvenience is above all psychological and aesthetic, then such hair loss may be a symptom of the underlying disease. Confined to an area or affecting the entire scalp, it affects men or women, even children. In men, this alopecia most commonly occurs before the age of 40 and in women after that.

Causes of hair loss

Hair loss, as we said earlier, can be a sign of a disease:

  • Iron deficiency,
  • hypothyroidism, or, conversely, hyperthyroidism,
  • ringworm, lupus, etc.,
  • The result of treatment such as chemotherapy, childbirth or menopause.

It can also be boosted by factors such as genetics, androgens (hormones that are indifferently present in women or men), or lifestyle (stress, diet, etc.).

hair loss signs

Androgenetic alopecia is the most common. It is a chronic form caused by hypersensitivity of hair follicles to androgens.

As for its acute form, it is a sudden fall that affects the entire scalp and is temporary and reversible. Tags:

  • The hair is thin and the hair is softer,
  • The hairs are less numerous or disappear in the form of spots.

Note that in women, hair loss often affects the area behind the front line of the implant and above the skull.

Prevent hair loss

Here’s what to do to reduce the risk of hair loss:

  • Don’t use too many strong hair products like dyes;
  • let the hair dry naturally;
  • Eat a balanced diet
  • Reducing stress, sun exposure, tight hairstyles…

Alopecia treatments

For humans, here’s what it can do:

  • applying treatments aimed at hair growth,
  • Hair transplantation when solutions or tablets do not give convincing results.

In women:

  • hormonal therapy (anti-androgens) if it is not contraindicated;
  • local treatments but without a significant guarantee of results;
  • A wig to reduce the psychological aspect of hair loss.
  • Mesotherapy.

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