Alopecia, how to treat it?

In the change of season, especially as you transition into fall, you’ve noticed that your hair is thinner and brittle and is falling out in greater numbers…don’t panic, it’s a fleeting hair phenomenon associated with seasonality. This slight hair loss can also occur in early pregnancy or a few weeks after giving birth.

On the other hand, when it is highlighted or developed in patches, it can be a sign of a file capillary circulation disorder Due to a hormonal problem, an autoimmune disease, or the effects of medical treatment. Then we talk about hair loss. Fortunately, there are solutions!

100,000 to 150,000: This is the average number of hairs on our heads. Every day we naturally lose from 60 to 80 pieces, but sometimes, it happens that this size is larger and this worries us.

Why am I losing my hair? definition of vixen

Alopecia is characterized by more hair loss than usual. A pull test, performed by a dermatologist on several places on the scalp, will allow you to determine this. It is a matter of plucking strands of hair, and if more than two hairs are pulled out, we can make a diagnosis and develop treatments against hair loss. There are several types of alopecia, explains Isabelle Galle, a dermatologist in Dijon.

When do you worry about hair loss in women?

When you lose more than a hundred hairs a day, when your hair is thinning at the top of your skull or at your temples, or if you have Paintings without hair that appear in multiple places of the skull, it is necessary to consult.

What causes hair loss?

To find out the origin of alopecia in women, it is recommended to turn to a dermatologist, who specializes in diseases of the skin and scalp, who can determine what type of alopecia you have. The causes of hair loss in women differ from the causes of male pattern baldness.

Female alopecia: causes and forms

Telogen effluvium is the most common type of alopecia. “You should know that your hair develops according to three cycles. During the anagen phase (2-7 years), the hair grows and its root is well nourished. Then comes the regression phase (2-3 weeks) during which the follicle does not nourish: it gradually separates from its root in The dermis. Finally, a telogen phase occurs where the keratinized hair completely falls out while combing. But rest assured, not all hairs are in the same phase at the same time, otherwise all hairs will fall out,” explains the dermatologist.

Under certain conditions, the hair cycle is disrupted, the anagen phase is shortened, which leads to the appearance of a large number of hairs in the telogen phase and increased hair loss. “This can be due to exhaustion, stress, flu, poor nutritional balance…” explains Dr. Isabelle Galle.

Androgenetic alopecia in women: Can I go bald?

Androgenetic or androgenetic alopecia affects 15-20% of women – not just men – and can have genetic, and therefore genetic, causes.

This hair loss, which is more common in men, is caused by androgen hormones, a problem that can also affect women. It is characterized by weakness of the head, crest of the skull, crown and temporal bays. In women, especially in menopause, low estrogen levels and the resulting hormonal imbalance can lead to androgenic alopecia, especially if there is a family history. The anagen phase is less stimulating and will be shorter. Therefore, hair growth decreases, the hairs become miniature, they become less mature. As a result, it is thinner and covers the skull less,” explains Isabelle Galle.

What is alopecia areata?

Alopecia Areata is a type of severe alopecia that appears in the form of alopecia areata hair loss The formation of bald patches on the scalp. These can, but rarely, extend over the entire skull. Then we talk about “alopecia totalis”.

Incomplete alopecia

“These patches of hair loss, which are characteristic of alopecia areata, can converge and produce alopecia totalis. The hair follicles become stunned and hair falls out suddenly. Alopecia areata can start as a result of emotional trauma, stress, exhaustion, or an infectious disease, such as influenza or COVID for example. Example, or due to an autoimmune disease.

To determine whether alopecia areata is indeed, a dermatologist makes the diagnosis using a dermatoscope. In rare cases, patchy hair loss may correspond to a false pelade. It is important to make a difference, because in these cases of false hair, the hair will not grow back if treatment for the cause is not put in place quickly. In these specific cases, your dermatologist will be able to perform a biopsy,” the dermatologist adds.

Severe alopecia, pseudo alopecia

Unlike “classic” alopecia areata, after which the hair begins to grow again in most cases, pseudo-alopecia areata scar lesions. Then the roots are destroyed and the hair will not be able to grow again.

Can alopecia be treated?

Whatever the reason, most of the time we hate losing our hair! But fortunately, there are targeted treatments and solutions to stop hair loss.

How to treat alopecia in women?

Hair loss in women can be linked to our pace of life, our hygiene, and the experiences we all face on our journey. So it can have nutritional or hormonal origin, due to iron deficiency, endocrine problem, following chemotherapy … but it can also highlight another disease. Therefore, it is necessary to perform biological tests and consult a dermatologist in case of abnormal hair loss.

Alopecia treatment

“To reduce telogen effluvium, or diffuse alopecia, we will focus on nourishing the hair by giving vitamins (C, E, A, B) that are involved in the mechanism of cell formation, minerals and peptides that are involved in the formation of the hair shaft, and antioxidants to fight cell attacks. For the treatment of androgenetic alopecia, we will move on to hormonal solutions and use minoxidil which has a topical effect on the level of the hair growth phase. But there are also other solutions such as laser or regenerative medicine,” says Isabel Galley.

Does hair grow back after hair loss?

When the cause of the alopecia is well established with the health professional, we can, as mentioned above, develop solutions adapted to the disruption of the hair cycle in order to enhance the anagen phase. But you can also change your diet, Act on your sources of stress And of course fighting the disease if it is related to hair loss. In most cases, your hair has a good chance of growing back if you identify the causes of alopecia.

In addition to the processing that is carried out after a hair loss diagnosisWe can try to prevent hair loss. All you need are simple gestures, particularly by avoiding frequent shampooing (once or twice a week is enough) and doing light brushing, for example. “It is important not to pull the hair, to be careful not to shock every day and to use good products. Honor shampoo is sold in pharmacies, Recommended by dermatologists, those with tonics, vitamins or hyaluronic acid that coat the hair. Know that every time you use shampoo to wash your hair, the hair will diminish and shine. It is therefore essential to use good products and effective conditioners,” notes the dermatologist. A good diet, rich in vitamins and antioxidants (especially in summer) or even wearing a hat to protect hair from UV rays, is also effective in preventing and stopping hair loss.

Other causes of hair loss in women

In general, during pregnancy, under the influence of hormones, we have beautiful hair, thick and shiny as desired. But in the weeks following childbirth, the hair becomes dull and begins to fall out due to the dramatic drop in hormones. The capillary circulation was disrupted and postpartum fluids entered the program … Fortunately, this form of alopecia is reversible.

What do you do when you lose your hair after giving birth?

It’s totally normal for your hair to fall out (a bit) after giving birth and find it a little thinner and/or more brittle than before. Unfortunately, sometimes it is difficult to find a file young hair When you have children… “Be careful, because postpartum alopecia can mask androgenetic alopecia. It is important to diagnose it early because we can work locally to solve this problem,” warns the dermatologist.

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