School, sports, burqa..these are the freedoms women have lost in Afghanistan since the Taliban returned to power

Natural catching, gallop quickly returns. Since assuming power August 15 in Afghanistan, the Taliban has re-imposed a series of restrictions on civil society, many of them aimed at subjugating women to their fundamentalist conception of Islam.

Fear and Dust: Dive into Kabul where the Taliban are in control

They largely excluded them from public employment, restricted their right of movement or imposed their dress code. “Loops” reviews the main measures that the Taliban have imposed on Afghan women in recent months.

sequel after the announcement

• the school

The Taliban ordered the closure of middle and high schools for girls in Afghanistan on March 23, just hours after they reopened. However, the Ministry of Education announced the resumption of studies for girls in several provinces, with the exception of Kandahar (southern) province, the birthplace of the Taliban.

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The Taliban also announced that Afghan women could study at the university, but in single-sex classes, with the obligatory wearing of the abaya (a long traditional dress) and the niqab (a covering that covers the entire face except for the eyes). They can also work but “According to the principles of Islam”.

Afghanistan: Taliban will allow women to study, but not with men

• burqa

In early May, the Taliban’s supreme leader issued an order requiring women to cover themselves completely in public, including the face, ideally with a burqa, a full veil with mesh cloth at eye level, which is already mandatory when they are. In power from 1996 to 2001. Previously, only a headdress was enough.

We must help Afghanistan (despite its regime)!

“A woman who is neither young nor old should cover her face except her eyes in accordance with the recommendations of the Shariah to avoid any provocation when meeting a man.” Who is not a close family member, refers to this decree. And if they don’t have a reason to go out, it is ‘It’s better for them to stay at home’.

sequel after the announcement

• Policy

A few weeks after seizing power, the Taliban, on September 17, closed the Ministry of Women’s Affairs to be replaced by the Ministry for the Promotion of Virtue and the Prevention of Vice, fearing fundamentalism during their first term, twenty years ago. This new ministry is responsible for the strict enforcement of strict interpretations of Islam.

Despite insisting that they would govern more moderately than they had between 1996 and 2001, the Taliban did not allow most women to return to work. There was no woman among the ministers of the new Taliban government.

• employment

The Taliban also ordered the dismissal of women working in the government if they failed to adhere to the new dress code. Male employees are also at risk of dismissal if their wives or daughters do not comply.

If the Taliban says it allows women to work as long as gender segregation is respected, in reality they can no longer access public jobs, except in specialized fields, such as health and education.

sequel after the announcement

• culture

Female anchors on the main Afghan TV news channels were also forced to wear face coverings on air. Female journalists initially chose not to comply with this order, appearing live without hiding their faces. Before turning around due to threats of retaliation.

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This directive comes a few weeks after the ministry asked Afghan television to stop broadcasting “TV series and rose water series have women” Play, to ensure that female reporters wear Islamic headscarf on the screen.

Culture “abolished” the Taliban

• sports

In an interview with Australian television channel SBS, the deputy head of the Taliban’s cultural committee confirmed last September that women’s exercise is not the case. ‘Neither necessary nor appropriate’. These notes started from a question about cricket, a popular sport in this part of the world.

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Since then, the Taliban regime has banned women from practicing sports in the country, as opposed to their religious practice.

sequel after the announcement

• Transportation and travel

Taliban officials in Herat, Afghanistan’s most advanced city, have called on driving school instructors to stop issuing licenses to women.

The Taliban previously announced that women wishing to travel long distances must now be accompanied by a male relative. The recommendation, published by the Ministry for the Promotion of Virtue and the Prevention of Vice and circulated on social media, calls on drivers to accept women in their cars only if they are wearing “Islamic headscarf”.

• public space

The Taliban authorities in the western Afghan city of Herat have continued their crackdown by banning men and women from eating together in restaurants, including if they are married.

Fear and Dust: Dive into Kabul where the Taliban are in control

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While Afghanistan is a very conservative and patriarchal country, it is normal to see men and women, or families, dining together in restaurants, especially in Herat which has long been considered relatively progressive compared to the rest of the country. The Taliban also imposed segregation of women and men in Kabul’s public parks, with visiting days imposed for each gender.

sequel after the announcement

After twenty years of occupation by the United States and its allies, which expelled them in 2001, the Taliban promised to be more flexible this time. But they soon reneged on their promises, once again steadily eroding rights and breaking two decades of freedoms that women had gained, according to their strict interpretation of Islamic law.

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