A documentary film that raises the “taboo” about prehistoric women

“Talking about prehistoric women is lifting taboos,” Sophie Jano launched. It took two years of work for the documentary I produced on the subject to see the light of day. It will air on Sunday, May 22, from 9 p.m., on National Geographic and will follow Clotheld Chamusey, a videographer with an archaeology degree who seeks to “explode myths about prehistoric women.”

Thanks to Marie Antoinette de Lumley, the issue of gender has become a concern of many researchers. At the Musée de l’Homme, she resumed the search for “Menton’s Man” … who turned out to be a woman. Current technologies make it possible to learn more about skeletons, particularly by studying ancient DNA and dental DNA, and an individual’s true identity cards. Thus many studies are reviewed and reformulated on the question of sex, as is currently the case for the famous Lucy.

As the documentary shows, prehistoric women also hunted. They can also have important roles and are respected within groups of people. We can assess this degree of importance in relation to the richness of their burials. Lady Fix is ​​an excellent example of a woman of strength: she could be shown to belong to the elite because of the precious things next to her body. We are far, as Marie Antoinette de Lumley says, from the stereotypes that “a prehistoric man pulled his wife by her hair.”

Competence is not necessarily linked to gender or age.

“Those who studied the material decided that there was a division of labor on the basis of sex, but the problem is that we did not really highlight it. They simply compared the behavior of the hunters who remained, that is, the behavior of the Amazons, as historian Marlene Bateau Matisse asserts. There is always a tendency and ethnologists have the same The thing to think it’s the same everywhere. Well, no, you have to think of ‘other’, ‘different’, other systems based on competence. Efficiency is not necessarily related to gender or age. We have to rethink societies differently and rely on Evidence So sex discrimination will not be the work of prehistoric men but the work of researchers in the past Studies are repeated today “without warning” and this is the most important in the eyes of the historian.

Clwilde Chamussy asserts that things have changed in the field of archaeology. “I did not necessarily have this traditional and gendered education, on the contrary, our teachers always gave us different hypotheses,” says who finished her studies six years ago. While she was studying for her older sisters, we didn’t ask ourselves the question: “In the books we saw men who sculpted flint and women who swept through the cave,” Marlene Bateau Matisse testifies. Many discoveries are still waiting for the scientific world, which is developing along with society.

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